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Sliven

LOCATION, POPULATION AND ECONOMY
EMPLOYERS
EDUCATION
HEALTHCARE FACILITIES
RECREATION
TRANSPORT
SPORTS
ART, CULTURE AND ENTERTAINMENT
Sliven is a town situated in the southeastern part of Bulgaria, an administrative center of the Municipality of Sliven. Sliven is crossed by Asenovska River, Selishka River and Novoselska River. Asenovets Reservoir has been built along the Asenovska River valley, which is the main water source for the town. According to data of the National Statistical Institute (NSA), as at 31 December 2019, the population of Sliven was 84 985 people, which makes it the eighth largest Bulgarian town.

Sliven is known as the “City of the 100 Voivodes” because of the strong haidouk movement in the region, which has imprinted the names of the national heroes Hadzhi Dimitar, Zlati Voivoda, Panayot Hitov, and many others.
During the Bulgarian National Revival Sliven was an important commercial craft center and cultural education center. The first textile factory in Bulgaria was built here, namely the First Textile Factor of Dobri Zhelyazkov-Fabrikadzhiyata, thus marking the beginning of the industrial development on the Bulgarian land. The traditions in the production of textiles and knitwear have been preserved until today. Wine production, milk processing, production of meat and meat products, canned fruit and vegetables and processing and packaging of nuts are also covered in the region. In Sliven region lathes, column drilling machines, woodworking machines, metal cutting machines, agricultural machinery are produced. In recent years, the share of construction in the industrial sector has gradually increased. This is due to the increased investment activity and the introduction of modern construction technologies. The well-built infrastructure in the industrial zones creates favorable conditions for attracting local and foreign investors and for development of the economy of the region.
The 2018 Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita in the region was BGN 7 600.

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Bulgarian business is increasingly in need of new, educated, smart and dedicated staff, outside our almost exhausted labor market.

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Bulgarian business is increasingly in need of new, educated, smart and dedicated staff, outside our almost exhausted labor market.

The Municipality has 31 municipal schools, 7 vocational high schools, one of which is “Dimitar Dobrovich” National Art High School - one of the six national art schools in the country.
There are 14 kindergartens in the town.
More than 2 300 university students study in the town of Sliven - the Faculty of Engineering and Pedagogy, which is a branch of the Technical University in Sofia and offers modern and desired majors; the Technical College at the branch; the Medical Branch at the Medical University-Varna for training nurses and midwives.

he specialized healthcare facilities in Sliven are the Regional Hospital Multiprofile Hospital for Active Treatment (MBAL) “Dr. Ivan Seliminski” AD, the Emergency Medical Center /EMC/ - Sliven, the Multiprofile Hospital for Active Treatment (MBAL) – Sliven at the Military Medical Academy – Sofia, the Multiprofile Hospital for Active Treatment (MBAL) “Hadzhi Dimitar” LTD, the Multiprofile Hospital for Active Treatment (MBAL) “Tsaritsa Yoanna” EOOD, the Specialized Surgical Hospital for Active Treatment “Amboise Pare” LTD, the Specialized Hospital of Obstetrics and Gynaecology for Active Treatment (SAGBAL) “Eva” EOOD.

On the territory of the town there are two municipal Diagnostic and Consultative Centers for rendering prehospital healthcare and a municipal Dental Center.

The Mountain

The Mountain is located in the immediate proximity of the town of Sliven, the territory of which is for one of the National Nature Parks – “Sinite Kamani” Nature Park (The Blue Rocks) – a part of the 100 National Tourist Sites of Bulgaria.
It is known for its rock phenomena “Halkata” (The Ring), “Kuklite” (The Dolls), “Rakavichkata” (The Small Glove), “Kaloyanovi Kuli” (Kaloyan’s Towers), the caves “Zmeevi Dupki” (Dragon’s Holes), “Bachvata” (The Wood Barrel), “Futula”, “Haidushka” (Haidouk’s Cave), the springs Kushbunar, Belite Izvori, with their varied landscapes.
The Mountain is known for its immeasurable diversity of plant and animal species - Mizian beech (Fageta moesiacae), Hornbeam (Carpinus betulus), Sycamore (Platanus occidentalis), herbs, and out of the 77 species of national and international protection - Urum Tulip (Tulipa urumoffii), Autumn crocus (Colchicum davidovii), Military orchid (Orchis militaris), Haller's anemone (Anemone halleri), and Snowdrop anemone (Anemone sylvestris).
The fauna here is represented by foxes, rabbits, deers, wild boars, badgers, red deer, Crimean lizard and steppe-runner, Peacock butterfly. The most attractive species of the most important nature preservation importance are the Golden eagle, the Eastern imperial eagle, the Egyptian (small) vulture, the Long-legged buzzard, the Northern goshawk, and the Peregrine falcon.
Sinite Kamani are an excellent precondition for skiing, deltaplanerism, orientation competitions, alpinism, as there is a diversity of tourist routes and a possibility to hold national and international events, for rest and recreation amidst the silence and tranquility of the forests and glades, near crystal forests and whimsical rocks. The vertical rocks are a great place to visit by all adrenaline lovers, and by those who love climbing.

Sliven is known for its locality of Karandila – a preferred place for rest by all tourists from the country and abroad because of its magnificent nature, the chalets, the hotel complex and the attractive sport complex. The rope way – a two-person chairlift, is a preferred way of travelling to Karandila, as there is also an accessible road to travel by car.

“Mineralni Bani” (Mineral Baths)

“Slivenskite Mineralni Bani” (Sliven’s Mineral Baths) is situated in the Tundzha River valley, at a distance of 12 km to the south-west of Sliven. According to its chemical contents, the mineral water here is close to the famous French mineral waters – "Monestier de Clermont” and “Saint-Luc". The mineral waters successfully treat gastrointestinal disorders and diseases of the liver and gall-bladder, damages to the locomotory system and of the peripheral nervous system.

The Municipality of Sliven is crossed by main roads from the Republic Road Network. Sliven has a total of 533 km of roads built on its territory, 212 km of which are the Republic Road Network and 321 km are municipal roads. The density of the road network on the territory of the Municipality is way above the average for the country and is 0,391 km/sq.km at 0,333 km/sq.km. The road network is in good condition.


The location of Sliven is favorable because it is located at a crossroad - it is close to the Republic Pass, also the town is near to Petolachkata road junction connecting Northern Bulgaria and Southern Bulgaria, as there is a connection to “Trakia” Highway, and the main road between Burgas and Sofia connects the port of Bourgas and Bourgas Airport with the central part of the country.
The route of the Pan-European Transport Corridor No. 8 is planned to pass through the town of Sliven.

The territory of the Municipality of Sliven is crossed by the following railway lines:

Sofia – Karlovo – Sliven - Burgas,

Sofia – Plovdiv – Stara Zagora – Kermen – Yambol - Burgas

The municipal transport network provides a good connection both between the center and the outskirts of the town, the residential neighborhoods with the industrial and suburban villa area, as well as between the town and the populated areas. All needs of the population to travel are satisfied.

The public transport for passengers in Sliven is carried out by bus lines and trolleybus lines. Brand new high-class buses purchased a couple of years ago service the passengers of the urban transport, as there are plans for the purchase of new trolleybuses and for the first time – electric buses. All bus stops have been renovated and new ones have been built.

The main carrier of passengers on routes of the municipal, regional and republican transport schemes is “Patnicheski Prevozi” EAD-Sliven – a company with 100 % municipal shares.
The price of the ticket for urban transport is 80 stotinki. The daily card for the entire urban transport network costs BGN 2.40. Pensioners and students use travel discounts.
The Municipality of Sliven has 245 registered taxi cars.


Sliven has traditions in many sports and has given many champions to the country, bringing fame to Bulgaria worldwide. The town has a modern sport infrastructure, halls for basketball, wrestling, track-and-field athletics, judo, acrobatics, weightlifting…
Clubs use the municipal sports base in Sliven for free to hold their study, training and competitive activities.
The town has a big stadium - “Hadzhi Dimitar", which is within a sport complex consisting of a hotel, a restaurant, two grass training grounds, tennis courts, a swimming pool. The sportsmen from Sliven also use a smaller stadium, as there are renovated or newly built grounds in the districts and in many populated areas.
“Asenovets” Sports Complex has been fully renovated consisting of halls for volleyball, boxing, and a possibility to hold tennis-court indoor tournaments. The town has one indoor swimming pool and a second one – under renovation and forthcoming commissioning. In the summer there are seven operating outdoor swimming pools.
The sports calendar of the Municipality is filled with events of local, national and international participation. It includes the sports of judo, track-and-field athletics, wrestling, dancesport, basketball, football, cycling, orientation, auto racing, mountain running, etc.

Sliven is one of the most important cultural centers in Bulgaria during the Bulgarian National Revival, Sliven has preserved and enriched the cultural heritage and today offers rich opportunities for cultural life to its citizens and guests.
Three state cultural institutes operate in the town – the Drama Theatre, the Puppet Theatre, and the National Museum of Textile Industry, as well as a number of municipal cultural institutes – the History Museum, the Art Gallery, the Regional Library, the Symphony Orchestra, the Ensemble for Folk Dances and Songs, over 50 Community Centers, and there are 475 registered cultural monuments on the territory of Sliven Municipality, among which Houses-Museums of Sliven writers of the Bulgarian National Revival and Art Galleries hosting some of the richest collections of art works in the country and a permanent exposition of the Christian art.

The Cultural C